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品茗股份李军:BIM 应用进入爬坡期,工具集BIM应用成为关键

宝宝计划zuoweiguominjingjidezhongyaozhizhu,2017nianquanguojianzhuyezongchanzhida21.4wanyiyuan(2018nianwei23.5wanyiyuan),zhangdpbizhong25.87%,jianzhuyezengjiazhilianxuduonianzhangdpzongliang6%yishang,qizhong2017nianwei6.7%,congyerenyuandadao5530wanren,guimokuaisukuozhangdailaidefazhanzhengzaichengweiguoqushi。congxingyelirunlaikan,zaizhangda20niande20%~30%gaosuzengzhangqi,woguojianzhuyelirunzhangqibaochizai2%~4%,yuandiyupingjungongyeshuiping。congnenghaolaikan,woguojianzhuyehaoyongquanqiu50%yishangdesenlinkanfaliang、50%dejianzhuyonggangcaishuinihezhongguo50%deshehuitanpaifangzongliang。mianduishengchanxiaolvdi、ziyuanlangfeida、jianshechengbengaodengwenti,chuantongjianzhuyepoqiexuyaotongguojishuchuangxin、guanlichuangxinshixiangaozhiliangfazhan,tuidongchanyeyou“cufangxingfazhan”xiang“jingxihuafazhan”zhuanxing。

2011nian,zhujianbushoucijiangjianzhuxinximoxing(bim)naruxinxihuabiaozhunjiansheneirong,bingzaicihouchutaiyixiliebimxiangguanzhengce,dalituidongbimyingyongfazhan。zai《2016~2020nianjianzhuyexinxihuafazhangangyao》zhong,bimbeiliewei“shisanwu”jianzhuyezhongdiantuiguangde5daxinxijishuzhishou。zhujianbutichu,dao2020nian,zaiguoyoutouziweizhudedazhongxingjianzhujilvsejianzhuzhong,jichengyingyongbimdexiangmubilijiangdadao90%。yibimweidaibiaodehulianwangxinxijishuzhengzaituidongjianzhuyedezhuanxingshengji。


1. 让BIM技术成为一种常态

guoqubimzuoweiyixiangxinxingjishu,zaiwoguofazhanjinglilechufaqi、qiwangpengzhangqi(jiantu1)。yifangmian,shouguoneizhengcedeyindaoheguowaibimyingyongdeyingxiang,bimzaililunshangshixiancengcengtupo,bingzaigedizhongdiangongcheng、shifangongchengjinxingshidianyingyong。lingyifangmian,bimfazhanyechuxianhenduojijindeguandian,bim“wannenglun”、bim“geminglun”shenxiaochenshang。zaizheizhonghuanjingxia,henduoqiyebuchongfenkaolvzishenqiyeqingkuang,quanmianyinjinbim“wuzhuang”quanqiye。youyujishubuchengshu、rencaixianzhi,youxieqiyezaichangshiyiduanshijianhou,meiyoudadaoyuxiangxiaoguo,xunsuzouxianglingyigejiduan,xianru“bimwuyonglun”。

宝宝计划tu1 jishuchengshuduquxian

bujinfansi,zaijichuhaiweizhulaoshi,guodudikuadabimjishudejiazhiheyingxiangli,tiqiantouzhibimjishudeweilaiyuqi,shifouzuaibimpujiluodi?yinci,youbiyaohelidi、keguandiyindaoxingyejiankangfazhan,yindaoqiyezhengquerenshibim、shijiyouxiaodiyingyongbim,babimjishudangzuoyizhongxinxihuadegongju,jiangqirongrudaojianzhushengchanzhong,chengweiyizhongchangtai。


2. BIM应用从感性到理性

xianjieduan,bimyingyongzhengchuyu“papoqi”,wulunshishejiqiyehaishishigongdanwei,duidaibimjishudougengjialixing、wushi,gengzhuzhongtongguobimjishuhuodezhijiedeshijijiazhi。

congxiangmuxiaoyilaishuo,muqianduoshushejiqiyeheshigongdanweiyizhirentong,bimjishuzaiyouhuashejifanganhejianshaoshigongtucuoloufangmiandailaimingquexiaoyi,qicishitigaokehucanyudu,jianshaoshigongxianchangxiediaowentijifangong。(jiantu2)

tu2 bimxiangmuxiaoyi

congneibushangyexiaoyilaikan,bimjishudailaidexiaoyizhuyaojizhongzaitishengqiyelingxianzhexingxiang、suoduanshenpizhouqi、tigongxinfuwu、weichilaokehu、tuozhanxinkehu、tishenglirundengfangmian。(jiantu3)

tu3 bimneibushangyexiaoyi

宝宝计划congxiangmuleixinglaikan,bimjishuzhengzaiconggaodashang、gaojingjianxiangmuzouxiangyibangongjian、fangjian、xiaoqushizheng,gengjia“jiediqi”。yizhejiangmougongsiweili,2016~2018nianxinjianxiangmu41ge,qizhongxiaoxinggongjian、shangpinfangdeng13gexiangmuyingyonglebimjishu,zhanbida31.7%。2016nian,shanghaishiyingyongbimjishude261gexiangmuzhong,fangwujianzhuxiangmu(hanshangban、jiaoyuwenhuadenggonggongjianzhu,shangpinfang、jingjishiyongfang、gongzufangdengjuzhujianzhujichangfang、wuliucangchudengjianzhu)da194ge,zhanbi74%,shizhengjichusheshixiangmu29ge,zhanbi11%。(jiantu4)

tu4 2016nianshanghaishibimyingyongxiangmuleixingfenbu

congbimjishuyingyongdianlaikan,genju《shanghaishi2017 bimyanjiubaogao》,bimjishuyingyongrengyikeshihuatezhengweizhu。chongtujiancejisanweiguanxianzonghe、gezhuanyemoxinggoujian、jianzhujiegouzhuanyemoxinggoujian、jianzhujiegoupinglipoumianjiancha、xunifangzhenmanyou5xiangyingyongdiandeyingyongpinlvjuqian5wei,fenbiezhanbi65%,65%,63%,61%,56%。shejijieduanyingyongdianrengzhanzhuliu,shigongjieduancizhi,eryunyingjieduan(ruyunyingxitongjianshe、jianzhushebeiyunxingguanli、kongjianhezichanguanli)zhanbidiyu10%。(jiantu5)

tu5 bimjishuyingyongdianfenbuqingkuang

youcikezhi,bimjishuyingyonglinianyijingcongguoqugoujiandaerquandepingtai,zhubuzouxiang,gengjialuodide“dian”,zheiyiweizhe“gongjuji”bimyingyongbiandeyuelaiyuezhongyao,shenzhichengweipapoqibimyingyongnengfoushangshengdaoxingaodudeguanjian。


3. 工具集BIM应用成为关键

bimbushiyigegongjuruanjian,ershiyixilieyuyewuliuchengjinmijiehedegongjujibimruanjiandejiheyingyong,bingzaicijichushangshixianbimyingyongdexietong,ji“gongjuji”bimyingyong。womenkeyiconglianggefangmianlaijieshi“gongju”:qiyi,nenggoukuaisu、gaozhiliangdijianlibimmoxing;qier,fuzhuxiangmuxianchanggongzuorenyuangaoxiao、zhunquedishiyongmoxing。zheijiuduibimgongjudezhunquexing、jishixingtichuhengaodeyaoqiu,quebaogangweishangdeshiyongzhenenggoukuaisufangwenmoxing,binghuoqusuoxudeyouxiaoxinxi。

yimobanjiaoshoujiadeshejiyudajianweili,chuantongdemobanjiaoshoujiagongchengyouyuquefaduijiegoujisuan、cailiaolixuedeshendulejie,cunzaihenduobiduan,ruanquanjisuannan、shigongtuhuizhifanfu、fanganzhanshibuzhiguan、cailiaocaigoukaogusuan、suiyiqiegelangfeiduodeng。zheishijiangqianqiyijingjianhaodedaiyouhoujiaodai、shigongfengdengxinxidebimtujianmoxing,daorudaomobanjiaoshoujiaruanjianzhong,xingchengduimoban、jiaoshoujiatixideanquanjisuan、gongchengliangdetongji,tongguoyouxiaoshujudechuandiheyingyong,zhidaoshengchan。

zaibiru,jiangrevithuanjingxiajianlidemoxingdaorudaoecotectdenglvjiangongjuzhong,jinxingguangzhao、shenghuanjing、fenghuanjingdemoni;youru,tujianmoxingwanchenghou,yujidianmoxingjinxingzhenghe、xietong、pengzhuangjianchadengyouhua,zaicijichushangjiangjidianguanxianjinxingyuzhi、chaifen,chuandizhigongchangjinxingjiagong;zaibiru,yixingwaimuqiangdehuizhi,shixiantongguoxiniuruanjian(rhino)jinxingwaiqiaohuizhi,huizhihaohoudaorudaorevithuanjinghetujianjiegoujinxinghedui,zairevithuanjingxia,jiangxiniuwenjianzhuanhuanchengmuqiang,bingduimuqiangjinxingdanyuanshishenhuasheji、chujiagongtu。

宝宝计划zaizheiyixiliegongzuochangjingzhong,weimanzushijixuqiu,huishejidaobutongjiaosedegongzuoxietong,shiyongyixiliegongjujibimruanjian,bingzaigegongjuruanjianjianshixianshujuchuandi。tongshi,gegongzuochangjingxiangduiduli,buyingxiangzhengtigongchengxiangmudeqitachangjingbimyingyong。zheiyejiushishuo,zaigongchengjiansheguochengzhong,qiyekejiehegongchengshijiziyuanheguanlihuanjing,yiwanchengyixianghuoyileigongzuorenwuweimubiao,helihuaxuanzebimyingyongleixingyugongju,congershixiangongzuoxiaolvhuoshengchanxiaolvdetisheng。

宝宝计划xianjieduan,haishiyouxierenjuedetangongjujibimyingyongbugougaoduan,sihuyaobaozhuangchengyigebimxitong、bimpingtaicaixiandegaodashang。erxianshideqingkuangqueshibimrencaijinque,bianshigongbianjianmodexianxianglvjianbuxian,bimruanjianyushijiyewutuojie,bimyingyongyuxiangmushigong“liangzhangpi、liangtiaoxian”,zuizhongdaozhibimyingyongjiazhichichibunengluodi。zhiyoujiangbimjishurongrushengchan,yuxiangmugongchengshijianjinmijiehe,tongguoshishizhutizaiyigegeyewudiandeshenduyingyong,cainengzhenzhengshixianbimjishuluodi。

宝宝计划bimfazhanshiyigexinjishuyuchanyeronghedezhangqiguocheng,bukenengyicuerjiu。dangqian,youyubimbiaozhun、rencaipeiyang、ruanyingjianjichupeitaodengchanyehuanjingdebuchengshu、buwanshan,bimyingyonghaiyuanweidadaopingtaiji、qiyejiyingyongjieduan。yaoxiangtuidongbimyingyongjinruxintaijie,gongjujibimyingyongshiguanjian。


4. 未来:从工具集到工作流

muqian,woguoyichubuxingchengbimjishubiaozhunhezhengcetixi,zhenduiguowaibimruanjianzaiguoneide“shuitubufu”,nanyishiyingxingyebiaozhunheyingyongxiguan,guoneihenduoruanjianchangshangjiadabentubimruanjiandekaifayuchuangxinlidu,mibuleguowairuanjianbugouzhinengdengquexian,shixianlecongdixiaodaogaoxiaodezhuanhua,gengjiashiyingguoneishichangdexuqiu。qiyeketongguoxuanzeyixilierongyishangshou、shixiannandubuda、xiaoyimingxiandebimyingyonggongju,guantongbimshishidegegehuanjie,shibimyingyongchengweirongrugongchengxiangmurichangyewuliuchengdechangtaihuacaozuo。

weilai,suizhebimrencaihejishudebuduanchengshu、jianzhuyexinxihuajianshedebuduanzhankai,gongjuyugongjujiandejishubileijiangbeitupo,gongjujianshujujiangshixianwufengchuandi,sheji、shigong、yunweigehuanjieshixianyouxiaoxianjie,danyichangjingxiade“gongjuji”bimyingyongjiangzhubuzhenghechengweiguanchuangongchengjianshequanshengmingzhouqide“gongzuoliu”yingyong,zuizhongshixianbimshujuzaigongchengxiangmuguanli、qiyeguanli、zhihuijianzaoshenzhigengdafanweineidejichengyingyong。


宝宝计划(zhu:benwenkanzaiyu《shigongjishu》2019nian2yueshangdi48juandi03qi,yuanbiaoti《bimjishuyingyongxianzhuangjigongjujibimdezairenshi》。)

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